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Nandina domestica
Standard Nandina

$18.00 $23.40
This size 5 in stock Product ID: 454125

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CULTURAL CONDITIONS

Plant Min Zone: 5b

Plant Max Zone: 10b

Sunlight: All Day Full Sun, Full Sun, Part Sun, Shade, Deep Shade

Water / Rainfall: Low, Average, High

Soil Quality: Poor, Average, Rich

FLOWERS AND FOLIAGE

Bloom Season: Early Summer, Summer, Late Summer

Flower Color: White, Yellowish White, Cream

Berry / Fruit Color: Red

Spring Foliage Color: Reddish Green

Summer Foliage Color: Dark Green

Fall Foliage Color: Dark Green, Red

Evergreen Foliage: Yes

Winter Interest: Yes

Scented Flowers: No

PLANT TOLERANCES

Drought Tolerance: Medium, High

Wet-Feet Tolerance: Low

Humidity Tolerance: High

Wind Tolerance: Medium

Poor Soil Tolerance: Clay Soils, Sandy Soils, Rocky Soils, Acidic Soil (low PH)

GROWTH AND MAINTENANCE

Height: 3' - 5'

Width: 3' - 5'

Growth Rate: Slow, Medium

Service Life: Extremely long: over 20 years

Maintenance Need: Almost Zero Maintenance

Spreading Potential: Medium

Yearly Trimming Tips: Trim Shrub to Desired Size in Late Winter or Early Spring Before New Growth: Blooms on New Wood.

PLANT USES AND LIMITATIONS

Plant Grouping Size: Specimen Planting of 1-3, Small Grouping of 3-5, Medium Grouping of 5-10, Mass Planting of 10 or more

Best Side of House: South Exposure, West Exposure, East Exposure

Extreme Planting Locations: Root-Bound Soils Under Tree, Survives Severe Drought, Tolerates Extreme Heat, Base of Retaining Wall Locations, Top of Retaining Wall Locations, Resistant to Rabbits

Ornamental Features: Multiple Seasons of Interest, Long Blooming Season, Long Lasting Fall Color, Bright Winter Color, Exceptional / Colorful Foliage

Special Landscape Uses: Hedge Row

Possible Pest Problems: Deer

Plant Limitations: May get Occasional Winter-kill, Needs Thick Winter Mulch, May be Poisonous

Description

Nandina domestica is also called "Nandina" or "Heavenly Bamboo" despite not spreading or being related to bamboo at all. It is native to warm temperate climates in China. Bamboo-like foliage is very attractive with new growth emerging coppery peach with shades of pink and red in spring. During the summer, the foliage maintains a glossy deep to medium green color with no pest problems. White flowers appear which eventually turn into red fruits in the fall. Most birds do not like the fruit so they persist very well into winter down to about 0° F before freeze-drying to a reddish brown color and falling off. Often around Christmas time, the berries make a spectacular show combining classic colors of red and green in the winter landscape. The berries can be poisonous to some birds if they eat too many and all other food sources are depleted. This is a problem in your yard, please remove the fruits in the winter or before we have an arctic blast in which birds get desperate and will eat anything. The foliage is evergreen down to about -5° F and if colder, will simply become a deciduous shrub that year. If winter temperatures reach -10 or with strong winds, nandina will die to the ground like a perennial and come up from the base in April. In some parts of the country where winterkill never happens, nandina are invasive. (fruits spread by birds) This is likely in the Southeast and Texas south of zone 8b with plenty of rainfall. In those areas nandina will slowly take over the forest and displace native plants. There are many fruitless cultivars that can be used if invasiveness is a problem. In Kansas and in zone 5-7, This is never a problem because extreme winters keep the plant “in-check” and kill any seedlings trying to germinate. This shrub has a four-season appeal and is great for adding interest to Kansas landscapes in the winter. Best growth in Lawrence, KS (zone 6a) occurs when planted on South or West exposures benefiting from the hot micro climate. Nandina will also grow in just about any soil with full shade to full sun. If planted in full shade, growth will be very slow and extreme winters may kill them if not established; plant in spring only in this situation. Nandina look best in small to large groups. After established, its a "once it’s there it’s there forever" plant with very little maintenance. The only maintenance is cutting back winter kill occasionally or pruning to a more desirable mounded shape. It is worth noting that dwarf fruitless cultivars are less hardy in marginal zone 6 climates because of reduced ability to quickly recover from an occasional extreme winter.

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